Edition V06N01 | Year 2020 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 61 to 68
Introduction: Maxillofacial infections in pediatric patients are serious clinical situations, characterized by the spread of the infectious process to adjacent tissues, usually with odontogenic origin. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the causes, clinical condition and treatment performed in pediatric patients with maxillofacial disease treated by the Maringá Bucomaxilofacial Surgery and Traumatology Service from 2007 to 2017. Methods: The methodology used was the retrospective analysis of medical records, with the help of a structured form. The research form considered the variables: age, gender, admission temperature, etiology tooth, duration of infection, therapy and prognosis. Results: As a result, there was a slight predilection for males (52.2%); the average age found was 7.3 years; the most affected teeth were the lower first deciduous molars (#75 and #85); the most common etiology was pulp involvement through caries. The average admission temperature was 37.5oC and infections lasted an average of 3 days. Regarding applied therapy, the most used antibiotic was amoxicillin and the approach was abscess drainage and dental treatment. Conclusion: Knowledge about this subject is necessary by the dentist because pediatric patients with odontogenic infections become systemically affected very quickly.