Edition V06N01 | Year 2020 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 47 to 53
Introduction: Trauma represents a considerable public health issue due to its elevated morbidity, incidence and prevalence, besides the elevated hospital assistance cost. When analyzing this subject, one should consider the geographical and cultural vari- ations, as well those inherent to the studied sample. Objective: The purpose of this study was to present the epidemiological profile of facial fracture inpatients treated in a Brazilian tertiary hospital. Methods: All patients sustaining facial fractures treated at Cristo Redentor Hospital, Porto Alegre, Brazil from May 2013 to April 2018 had their electronic records retrospectively reviewed. Demographic data, etiological factors, affected anatomical sites and treatment methods were collected and analyzed. Results: 1,230 patients presenting a total of 2,241 facial fractures were included. The mandible was the most frequent affected site (45.65%), followed by the zygomaticomaxillary complex (31.28%). The most observed etiological factor was motor vehicle accidents (32.2%). And open reduction with internal fixation (ORIF) was the treatment method utilized with the highest frequency (30.65%). Conclusions: The results of this analysis associated to the continuous outreach of current data reflecting local realities are crucial to improve the comprehension of these traumatic events and development of public policies focused on the control, prevention and rehabilitation of this patients.