Etiology and incidence of facial fractures in a hospital located in a municipality in the extreme south of Santa Catarina state (Brazil)

Admin Dental Press

Edition V05N01 | Year 2019 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 22 to 29

Eron José Baroni, Rodrigo Aparecido Tocunduva Celin, Soraia Pereira Da Cunha

Trauma are among the leading causes of death and morbidity in the world. Among the various types, face trauma stands out as one of the most important, since it has emotional and functional repercussions, and the possibility of permanent deformities. Therefore, the present study aims to identify the etiology and prevalence of facial fractures in the Service of Buccomaxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology of a Reference Hospital in the Municipality of Criciúma, Santa Catarina state (Brazil), from January 2003 to December 2015. A total of 1,822 cases of facial traumas was treated at the Surgery and Traumatology Service, between January 2003 and December 2015. The most prevalent age group was from 21 to 30 years, representing 32.5%. Men were responsible for 66.6%, while women, 33.4%. Trauma related to auto accidents were prevalent (22.2%). The most fractured bone was the nasal (37.8%). The incidence of facial fractures can be reduced by educational measures, such as routine use of seat belts and helmets; by the lower consumption of alcohol, respecting speed limits and by strategies to deal with hostile situations, in order to avoid the growing interpersonal violence.

Multiple trauma, Epidemiology, Facial bones,

Baroni EJ, Celin RAT, Cunha SP. Etiology and incidence of facial fractures in a hospital located in a municipality in the extreme south of Santa Catarina state (Brazil). J Braz Coll Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2019 Jan-Apr;5(1):22-9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14436/2358-2782.5.1.022-029.oar

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