Use of helmet and alcohol between motorcyclists with facial trauma in Agreste and Sertão of the state of Pernambuco – Brazil

Admin Dental Press

Edition V04N03 | Year 2018 | Editorial Original Article | Pages 28 to 36

Ilky Pollansky Silva E Farias, Rafael De Sousa Carvalho Saboia, Antônio Azoubel Antunes, Evelyne Pessoa Soriano, José Rodrigues Laureano Filho, Gabriela Granja Porto

Introduction: Identification of risk factors for facial trauma can help in the design of accident prevention programs. The present study aimed to evaluate the use of helmet and alcohol among motorcyclists with facial trauma in Agreste and Sertão of the state of Pernambuco. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed with patients admitted from April 2015 to April 2016. The sample (n = 112) was characterized as to gender, age, use and type of helmet, driver’s license, alcohol use, power and purpose of the motorcycle, occurrence of previous accident, hospitalization time, place and level of complexity of the facial fracture. The alcohol use disorder was evaluated by the Alcohol Use Disturbance Identification Test (AUDIT). Results: Facial trauma was more prevalent in men (90.2%) from 20 to 29 years (50.9%). The type of helmet “open without visor” was the most used (40.2%), and the jaw was the most affected (52.9%). The AUDIT revealed that the “low risk” profile was the most prevalent (90.2%). There were no statistically significant associations (p> 0.05). Conclusions: The profile of motorcyclists with facial trauma is composed of male subjects, 20 to 29 years old, with open helmet without visor and mandibular fracture.

Facial injuries, Accidents, trac, Alcohol- induced disorders,

Silva e Farias IP, Saboia RSC, Antunes AA, Soriano EP, Laureano Filho JR, Porto GG. Use of helmet and alcohol between motorcyclists with facial trauma in Agreste and Sertão of the state of Pernambuco – Brazil. J Braz Coll Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2018 Sept-Dec;4(3):28-36. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14436/2358-2782.4.3.028-036.oar

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